Sodium chloride dissolves easily in water and is insoluble or poorly soluble in almost all other liquids. Sodium chloride has no smell, but flavor, a very unique one, is a salty taste and is shaped like white crystal cubes. Basically, sodium chloride is salt or table salt.

Common table salt can have different levels of chloride and sodium. It has ionic compounds, that is, different substances, composed of an equal number of positive sodium, and with negative ions in chlorine. When they fall into water they dissolve, so that sodium chloride is a conductor of electricity and can cause electrical currents to pass through it.


Boiling point 1465 ° C

Melting point 801 ° C

  Easy dissolution in water 35.9g / 100 ml at 25 ° C

Solubility in ammonia 2.15 g / 100 ml solubility in methanol 1.49 g / 100 ml (Soluble in ethylene glycol, glycerol, glycol and formic acid)

insoluble only in hydrochloric acid

Neutral PH

Moral mass of 58.443 g / mol

It is not flammable and its density is 2,165 g / cm3
No reaction to other chemical compounds is obtained, normally the addition of energy is required to achieve a chemical reaction (electrolysis of NaCI in water and forms chlorine gas).


Sodium chloride, becomes a mineral with an indispensable magnitude for the absorption of nutrients, helps relieve stress or also, allows to recover mineral salts in training. It is an ionic compound that comes from the formation of a Sodium (Na +) cation and a Chloride (Cl-) anion and as such, could react to obtain any of these two ions mentioned.

Its easy dissolution is attributed to it in water, and it would also be the main constituent of the liquids in the organism’s extracellular compartment, ending up playing an important role in the water balance.

Among its main characteristics, we can mention that sodium chloride would be highly diathermic, plastic and viscous, it also achieves the fluidity of great pressures, with this it would be used as a seal in fractures and fissures of the rocks that surround it. It could also contain other substances, such as: calcium sulfate, calcium chloride, magnesium chloride, magnesium sulfate, sodium sulfate, calcium bicarbonate, potassium chloride and magnesium bromide.

Too much sodium chloride could increase the amount of water outside the cell, which would cause fluid retention (edema) and increase blood pressure (high blood pressure).