Sodium chloride is essential for the health of a person, there is rarely a problem of shortage of it in the diet of most people. Although it is rare, but consuming a low amount of sodium chloride can cause muscle cramps. Normally this occurs in climates of high temperature or when you have exercised.

The lack of sodium chloride can be noted with severe headache, vomiting, dizziness, muscle pain, nausea, constant fainting or a combination of all. Consuming low fats and a lot of potassium helps counteract high sodium levels.

· HYPONATREMIA

This condition produces the symptoms of a lack of sodium chloride, in certain cases seizures, fatal damage, a coma or even death can occur. Many athletes are exposed to suffer from this type of condition because they work hard in their physical condition.

· BLOOD PRESSURE INCREASE

Before there was artificial refrigeration, salt was a complement to keep food and preserve it. But today, people consume much more salt than recommended. An excessive consumption of salt can put the health of people in danger, it can cause hypertension in which no symptoms are perceived, but it can cause vascular accidents or heart disease. It can also cause blood pressure that is responsible for the force with which the blood is pumped to the arteries.

A diet high in salt causes the arteries to increase that pumping and this causes a pressure on the heart; If this pump persists for a long time, it stretches the walls of the arteries, beyond its limit, which increases blood clots, vascular weakness and an increase in the workload of the entire circulatory system.

· VULNERABILITY TO RENAL CALCULATIONS

Salt is rapidly absorbed by the body, although it is expelled through urine and sweat, this is a problem for babies and people who have kidney problems, they should eat less salt because they can not evacuate what is necessary.

Kidney stones form when substances such as calcium, phosphorus and oxalate gather in the urine. When more salt is consumed than is due, salt forces the kidneys to work in the expulsion of calcium through the urine; Calcium meets phosphorus and oxalate and that is when kidney problems begin and thus continues to increase if salt chloride consumption is not controlled. One way to see kidney stones is through blood in the urine and pain in the belly.

· RISK OF OSTEOPOROSIS

By expelling calcium through the urine, due to excessive consumption of salts, the body expels calcium from the bone, which causes descalsification and large losses of bone mineral. This increases the risk of osteoporosis; a disease that weakens the bones, which can end up breaking them.

An older woman is more likely to develop this disease; Osteoporosis is a silent disease, you don’t realize when you already have it; Many people realize even when they have already broken some important bone.

· INCREASES THE RISK OF APOPLEJÍA

Stroke in the brain usually occurs when blood vessels that transfer oxygen to the brain are blocked by blood clots, which obstructs the brain from receiving oxygen and the blood needed by the brain, this causes death.

The high blood pressure caused by a massive consumption of salt increases the risk of accidents as serious as the vascular brain, high blood pressure can destroy the arteries of the body, so it is important not to consume more salt than is due. The risks that excessive salt consumption causes can be avoided.

· OTHER RISKS

There has always been a permanent debate about whether salt consumption is bad or good for our health. As explained above, its fair and regulated consumption is necessary for good human functioning, but we show you other disadvantages of its excess consumption that should be taken into account for its regulation:

Stomach cancer: A permanent excess of sodium chloride could cause severe atrophic gastritis, which forms a chronic inflammation of the mucosa inside the stomach, which predisposes a person to suffer from cancer. A study by the Research Institute of the National Cancer Center in Japan, would have revealed in the past that men who eat a diet high in salt, may run a double risk of ending up suffering from stomach cancer compared to those who ingest little Salt in your diets.

Fat: It is clear that salt alone does not make you fat, but when a person comes to consume salt in an exaggerated way, their thirst increases, so many people drink sweetened beverages. A fairly recent study would have been conducted where a group of children participated, and it was demonstrated that by reducing their salt intake, they would drink two sodas less per week, which on average would cause a reduction of a little more than 200 calories.